Sunday, May 12, 2013

Growing & harvesting flowers, nuts, herbs, fruits & vegetables in the 1400s illuminated manuscripts


Perhaps it would be interesting to look at gardening in Europe, before the first long-term settlers came to America from there in the early 1600s.  The Tacuinum Sanitatis is a lavishly illustrated medieval handbook on health largely focusing on the growing & preparation of food, based on the Taqwim al‑sihha تقويم الصحة ("Maintenance of Health"), an 11th-century Arab medical treatise by Ibn Butlan of Baghdad.  These manuscripts were first commissioned by northern Italian nobility during the last decades of the 14th century. Four handsomely illustrated complete late 14th-century manuscripts of the Taccuinum, all produced in Lombardy, survive, in Vienna, Paris, Liège & Rome, as well as scattered illustrations from others. The illuminated manuscripts here come from different copies of the Tacuinum Sanitatis, from between 1370-1400.  You will notice the varying illustrators's styles in these examples.


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Almonds


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Anda


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Apples


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Asparagus


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Asparagus  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Bananas  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Barley


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Bay


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Beans


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Beans


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Beehives


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Beehives


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Beets


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Black Olives


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Cabbage


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Cabbage Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Cabbage


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Cabbage


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Calabash or bottle gourds


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Calabash or bottle gourds


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Calabash or bottle gourds


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Calabash or bottle gourds


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Calabash or bottle gourds


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Carrots


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Carrots


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Celery


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Celery


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Celery


 Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Sweet Cherries  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Chestnuts  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Chestnuts


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Chestnuts


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Chickpeas


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Citron Watermellons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Citron Watermellons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Citron Watermellons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Citron Watermellons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Citron Watermellons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Citrus


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Crocus


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Cucumbers Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Cucumbers


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Cucumbers


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Currants


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Date Tree  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Dill


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Dill


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Dragon Wart


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Eggplant


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Eggplant


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Eggplant


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Eggplant


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Eggplant


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Elecampane  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Fennel


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Fennel


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Sweet Flag  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Garlic  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Garlic


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Grapes being pounded in a mortar


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Grapes


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Grapes


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Harvesting fruits


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Hops


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Indus or Palestinian Melons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Leeks


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Leeks  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Lettuce


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Lettuce


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Lettuce


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Mandrake


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Mandrake


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Mandrake Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Mandrake


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Mandrake


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Marjoram


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Melons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Melons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Melons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Melons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Melons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Millet


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Mustard (White Mustard)


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Olive Oil


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Onions


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Onions


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Orache


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Oranges


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Panicum


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Parsley


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Pears


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Pine Cones


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Plums


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Pomegranates


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Pomegranates


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Prickly Lettuce


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Purslain


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Quince


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Rose Garden


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Roses for rosary


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Roses for rosary


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Roses


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Rue


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Rye


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Saffron  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Sage


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Sour Cherries


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Spelta


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Spinach


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Spinach


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Spinach


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Spinach


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Truffles  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Turnips


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Watermelons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Watermellons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Watermellons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Watermellons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Watermellons


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Wheat


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Wheat


I cannot identify the fruit in some of these illustrations & those at the bootom signify a growing season.  I wish I could be more helpful, but I share them with you hoping you might unravel the mysteries.


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400

Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400

Growing Seasons...


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Spring


 Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Summer


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Summer  Bibliothèque nationale de France, Paris


Tacuinum Sanitatis, ca. 1400 Autumn