Wednesday, September 2, 2020

Early American Plant Lists - Thomas Jefferson's Ornamental Trees

Portrait of Thomas Jefferson by Tadeusz Andrzej Bonawentura Kosciuszko (1746 - 1817) 

Thomas Jefferson’s Plant List From His Garden Book, 1767-1821 Dates refer to first mention of a plant in Jefferson’s documents, which include Thomas Jefferson’s Garden Book, edited by Edwin Betts, 1944, unpublished memoranda at the Massachusetts Historical Society, the Library of Congress and Princeton University Library. Quotation marks designate varieties undescribed in the literature and are generally Jefferson’s personal names.
List compiled by Peter Hatch.

Ornamental Trees

 Abies alba Silver Fir 1812
Abies balsamea Balsam Fir ("Balm of Gilead Fir”) 1783
 Acer pseudoplatanus Sycamore Maple 1796
 Acer rubrum Red Maple ("Scarlet") 1790
 Acer saccharum Sugar Maple 1791
 Acer tataricum Tatarian Maple 1810
 Aesculus hippocastanum European Horsechestnut 1771
 Aesculus octandra "Yellow horse chestnut" 1798
 Aesculus pavia Red Buckeye 1798
 Albizia julibrissen Mimosa ("Chinese silk tree") 1805
 Amelanchier canadensis Shadblow ("Service Tree") 1804
 Arbutus unedo Strawberry Tree 1778
 Artocarpus altilis Breadfruit Tree 1797
 Asimina triloba Paw Paw 1783
 Broussonetia papyrifera Paper Mulberry ("Otaheite”) 1806
 Carpinus caroliniana Ironwood 1808
 Carya illinoinensis Pecan 1790
 Carya laciniosa Shelbark Hickory 1809
 Carya ovata Shagbark Hickory 1786
 Carya sp. Gloucester Hickory, Osage Hickory 1807
 Castanea dentata American Chestnut 1773
 Castanea sativa European Chestnut ("Marronier”) 1773
 Catalpa bignonioides Catalpa ("Carolina Kidney bean tree”) 1771
 Cedrus libani Cedar of Lebanon 1807
 Ceratonia siliagua Carob Tree 1790
 Cercis canadensis Redbud ("Judas Tree") 1771
 Chamaecyparis thyoides White Cedar ("Cupressus sempervirens") 1783
 Chionanthus virginica Fringe Tree ("Snowdrop Tree,” "Venetian Sumach") 1791
 Citrus aurantifolia Lime 1809
 Citrus aurantium Sour Orange 1778
 Cornus florida Flowering Dogwood 1771
 Cornus mas Cornelian Cherry ("Ciriege corniole") 1774
 Corylus americana Hazelnut 1771
 Corylus avellana European Hazelnut ("Filbert”) 1774
 Crataegus crus-galli Cockspur Hawthorn 1771
 Crataegus laevigata English Hawthorn ("Thorn from Algiers”) 1811
 Crataegus phaenopyrum Washington Hawthorn 1804
 Diospyros virginiana Persimmon 1783
 Euonymus europaea Spindle Tree 1804
 Fagus grandifolia American Beech 1771
 Fagus sylvatica var. ‘atropunicea’ Copper Beech ("Purple Beech”) 1807
 Firmiana simplex Chinese Parasol Tree 1808
 Fraxinus americana White Ash 1804
 Fraxinus excelsior European Ash 1812
 Ginkgo biloba Ginkgo 1806
 Gleditsia triacanthos Honeylocust ("Kentucky Locust") 1783
 Gymnocladus dioica Kentucky Coffee Tree 1783
 Halesia carolina Carolina Silverbell 1817
 Ilex aquifolium English Holly 1771
 Ilex opaca American Holly 1772
 Ilex vomitoria Yaupon Holly ("Cassine") 1771
 Juglans nigra Black Walnut 1767
 Juglans regia European Walnut ("Madeira Walnut”) 1791
 Juniperus virginiana Red Cedar 1771
 Koelreuteria paniculata Golden-rain Tree 1809
 Laburnum anagyroides Golden-chain Tree 1807
 Larix decidua European Larch ("Italian larch”) 1784
 Liriodendron tulipifera Tulip Poplar 1783
 Maclura pomifera Osage Orange ("Bow wood") 1804
 Magnolia acuminata Cucumber Magnolia 1806
 Magnolia grandiflora Southern Magnolia 1791
 Magnolia tripetala Umbrella Magnolia ("Umbrella") 1767
 Magnolia virginiana Sweet Bay Magnolia ("Swamp Laurel”) 1790
 Malus coronaria Wild Sweet Crab 1778
 Malus sylvestris European Crab 1812
 Melia azedarach Chinaberry ("Pride of China,” "Bead tree") 1778
 Morus alba White Mulberry 1771
 Morus nigra Black Mulberry 1816
 Morus rubra Red Mulberry 1791
 Myroxylon balsamum var. pereirae Balsam of Peru 1791
 Olea europea Olive 1774
 Picea abies Norway Spruce ("Norway fir") 1798
 Picea glauca White Spruce ("Large silver fir”) 1791
 Picea mariana Black Spruce ("Newfoundland fir”) 1783
 Pinus rigida Pitch Pine 1807
 Pinus strobus White Pine ("Weymouth Pine") 1804
 Pinus sylvestris Scots Pine 1798
 Platanus acerifolia London Plane 1812
 Platanus occidentalis Sycamore 1790
 Populus balsamifera Balsam Poplar ("Tacamahac") 1791
 Populus deltoides Cottonwood ("Cotton tree") 1805
 Populus x gileadensis Balm of Gilead 1794
 Populus nigra var. italica Lombardy Poplar 1793
 Populus tremula European Poplar ("Monticello aspen") 1789
 Populus tremuloides Aspen 1778
 Prunus avium Sweet Cherry 1808
 Prunus cerasus Sour Cherry ("dwarf cherry") 1771
 Prunus persica Flowering Peach 1783
 Prunus virginiana Wild Black Cherry ("Choak cherry”) 1790
 Quercus coccifera Kermes Oak ("Prickly Kermes") 1807
 Quercus ilicifolia Bear Oak ("Dwarf oak”) 1806
 Quercus phellos Willow Oak 1794
 Quercus robur English Oak 1812
 Quercus suber Cork Oak 1790
 Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust ("Common locust”) 1771
 Robinia viscosa Red Locust 1808
 Salix alba var. vitellina Yellow Willow 1790
 Salix babylonica Weeping Willow 1794
 Sassafras albidum Sassafras 1783
 Sorbus aucuparia European Mountain Ash 1790
 Taxus baccata English Yew 1808
 Thuja occidentalis Arborvitae 1783
 Thuja orientalis Chinese Arborvitae 1783
 Tilia americana Basswood 1783
 Tsuga canadensis Canadian Hemlock (“Hemlock Spruce”) 1790
 Ulmus americana American Elm 1790
 Ulmus procera European elm 1812
 Viburnum prunifolium Black Haw 1771
 Virgilia capensis 1822
 Zanthoxylum americanum Prickly Ash 1807
 Zizyphus jujuba Common Jujube 1809