Wednesday, September 9, 2020

Early American Plant Lists - Thomas Jefferson's Kitchen Herbs

Thomas Jefferson’s Plant List From His Garden Book, 1767-1821 Dates refer to first mention of a plant in Jefferson’s documents, which include Thomas Jefferson’s Garden Book, edited by Edwin Betts, 1944, unpublished memoranda at the Massachusetts Historical Society, the Library of Congress and Princeton University Library. Quotation marks designate varieties undescribed in the literature and are generally Jefferson’s personal names.
List compiled by Peter Hatch.

KITCHEN HERBS

Pimpinella anisum Anise @1820
Ocimum basilicum Basil @1820
Carum carvi Caraway @1820
Chamaemelum nobile Chamomile 1794
Coriandrum sativum Coriander @1820
Hyssopus officinalis Hyssop 1794
Lavandula angustifolia Lavender 1794
Melissa officinalis Lemon Balm 1794
Origanum vulgare Marjoram, Pot @1820
Origanum Majorana Marjoram, Sweet 1794
Althea officinalis Marshmallow 1794
Mentha sp. Mint 1794
Rosmarinus officinalis Rosemary 1794
Ruta graveolens Rue 1794
Salvia officinalis Sage 1794
Satureja hortensis Savory, Summer @1820
Satureja montana Savory, Winter 1820
Artemisia abrotanum Southernwood 1794
Tanacetum vulgare Tansy 1794
Artemisia Dracunculus var. sativa Tarragon, French 1806
Thymus vulgaris Thyme 1794
Artemisia Absinthium Wormwood 1794