Tuesday, April 9, 2019

Early American Plant Lists - Thomas Jefferson's Herbaceous Ornamentals

Thomas Jefferson’s Plant List From His Garden Book, 1767-1821 Dates refer to first mention of a plant in Jefferson’s documents, which include Thomas Jefferson’s Garden Book, edited by Edwin Betts, 1944, unpublished memoranda at the Massachusetts Historical Society, the Library of Congress and Princeton University Library. Quotation marks designate varieties undescribed in the literature and are generally Jefferson’s personal names.
List compiled by Peter Hatch.

HERBACEOUS ORNAMENTALS

Alcea rosea Hollyhock 1767
Amaranthus caudatus Love-lies-bleeding @1800
Amaranthus hybridus Prince's Feather 1767
Amaranthus tricolor Joseph's Coat 1786
Amaryllis belladonna Belladonna lily 1812
Anemone coronaria Poppy Anemone 1807
Anemone pulsatilla Pasque flower 1771
Anthoxanthum odoratum Sweet-scented Grass 1807
Antirrhinum majus Snapdragon 1771
Aquilegia canadensis Native Columbine @1800
Argemone mexicana Prickly Poppy 1767
Belamcanda chinensis Blackberry Lily 1807
Bellis perennis English Daisy 1771
Calendula officinalis Calendula 1767
Campanula medium Canterbury Bells 1812
Celosia cristata Cockscomb 1767
Centaurea cyanus Cornflower @1800
Centaurea macrocephala 1812
Chasmanthe aethiopica 1812
Cheiranthus cheiri Wallflower 1806
Chimaphila maculata Spotted Wintergreen @1800
Consolida orientalis Larkspur 1767
Convallaria majalis Lily of the Valley 1771
Crocus angustifolia Cloth of Gold Crocus 1812
Crocus sativus Saffron Crocus 1807
Crocus vernus Spring Crocus 1812
Cypripedium acaule Pink Lady Slipper @1800
Cypripedium calceolus Yellow Lady Slipper 1791
Delphinium exaltatum American Larkspur 1811
Dianthus barbatus Sweet William 1767
Dianthus caryophyllus Carnation 1807
Dianthus chinensis China Pink 1807
Dictamnus albus Gas Plant 1807
Dionaea muscipula Venus's Fly Trap 1786
Fritillaria imperialis Crown Imperial Lily 1786
Fritillaria pudica Yellow Fritillary 1807
Galanthus nivalis Snowdrop 1808
Gladiolus communis Gladiolus 1812
Glaucium flavum Yellow horn Poppy 1807
Gomphrena globosa Globe Amaranth 1767
Hedysarum coronarium French Honeysuckle 1786
Helianthus divaricatus Wild Sunflower 1771
Heliotropium arborescens Heliotrope 1786
Hemerocallis lilioasphodelus Lemon Lily @1820
Hexaglottis longifolia 1812
Hyacinthus orientalis Hyacinth 1766
Hypoxis hirsuta Yellow Stargrass 1800
Impatiens balsamina Balsam 1767
Ipomoea quamoclit Cypress Vine 1791
Iris germanica German Iris 1771
Iris persica Persian Iris 1812
Iris pseudoacorus Fleur de lis Iris 1767
Iris sp.
 "Highland" 1820
 "Madeira"  1820
Iris xiphium Spanish Iris 1812
Jeffersonia diphylla Twinleaf 1807
Lathyrus latifolius Perennial Pea 1771
Lathyrus odoratus Sweet Pea 1771
Lavatera olbia Tree Lavatera 1807
Lavatera thuringiaca Lavatera 1807
Lilium canadense Canadian Lily 1786
Lilium candidum Madonna Lily 1782
Lilium chalcedonicum Scarlet Turk's Cap Lilly 1782
Lilium superbum Turk's Cap Lily 1809
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower 1807
Lunaria annua Money Plant 1767
?Lupinus texensis Texas Bluebonnet 1807
Lychnis chalcedonica Maltese Cross 1807
Malva sylvestris French Mallow @1800
Matthiola incana Stock 1771
Mertensia virginica Virginia Bluebell @1800
Mesembryanthemum crystallinum Ice Plant 1808
Mimosa pudica Sensitive Plant 1767
Mirabilis jalapa Four O'clock 1767
Mirabilis longiflora Sweet Four O'clock 1812
Momordica balsamina Balsam Apple 1812
Muscari comosum Tasseled Hyacinth 1767
Muscari comosum var. monstrosum Feathered Hyacinth 1767
Narcissus sp. Daffodil 1782
 "double Polyanthus @1820
 "double jonquil” @1820
 "single jonquil” @1820
Nigella sativa Nutmeg Plant 1810
Paeonia officinalis Peony 1771
Papaver rhoeas Corn Poppy 1807
Papaver somniferum Opium Poppy 1812
Pelargonium inquinans Geranium 1808
Pentapetes phoenicia Scarlet Pentapetes 1811
Physalis alkekengi Chinese Lantern 1807
Podyphyllum peltatum Mayapple @1800
Polianthes tuberosa Tuberose 1807
Primula auricula Auricula 1812
Primula X polyantha Polyanthus Primrose 1812
Primula vulgaris Primrose 1771
Ranunculus asiaticus Persian Buttercup 1807
Reseda odorata Mignonette 1786
Saponaria officinalis Soapwort @1800
?Scabiosa atropurpurea "Mourning Bride" 1811
Sisyrinchium angustifolia Blue-eye Grass @1800
Solanum pseudocapsicum Jerusalem Cherry 1808
Sprekelia formosissima Jacobean Lily 1807
Swertia caroliniensis American Colombo 1810
Tagetes erecta African Marigold 1810
Tagetes patula French Marigold 1808
Tritonia hyalina 1812
Trollius europaeus Globeflower 1771
Tropaeolum majus Nasturtium 1774
Tulipa sp. Tulip 1782
Verbesina encelioides Golden Crownbeard 1811
Viola sp. Violets 1767
Viola tricolor Johnny-jump-up 1767
Watsonia meriana Bugle Lily 1812
Zephyranthes atamasco Atamasco Lily 1812